|In the early 19th century, the
special magistrate Mr. Joaquim Teotônio Segurado risen up against the oligarchies, which
exercised an autocratic control of the Brazilian colonial society.
Today, almost 200 years have elapsed after the establishment, by
Segurado, in 1821, of the Autonomous Government of Palmas' District (the government was
installed at São João da Palma's District which became Palma's District and nowadays is
Paraná). His attitude is considered the first chapter of Tocantins history.
During 180 years, generations after generations dreamed about
an autonomous government.
Finally with sweat and tears men and women of all ages
belonging to different races and religions, achieved their dream by writing, after a lot
of fight, the most important page of Tocantins' history: the creation of the Brazilian
State of Tocantins by the promulgation of the 8th Brazilian Constitution.
At the beginning their voices could not be heard, since they
were a simple whisper. But little by little the intensity of these hoarse voices has grown
and finally all of them together exploded in a clamor, which first, emotionalized people
from Tocantins regions before being heard by the whole country.
The towering figure of this important movement toward the
creation of Tocantins was Mr. José Wilson Siqueira Campos, who spent 25 years of his
political life at the forefront of this honorable fight, before seeing the constitutional
creation of the Brazilian State of Tocantins.
Tocantins is a state located at the northern region of
Brazil, that belongs to the legal Amazon region. Its surface is 286.944 km2 and the
population is approximately 1 million inhabitants.
The policy of the new state is to be engaged with the free
initiative, since there foreign and local investors are welcomed to built, together with
Tocantins' people, a modern and developed state.
The economy of the state is mainly centralized on the primary
economic activities which correspond to the highest percentage of the gross state product
and employ the greatest number of workers.
On the agricultural field, 2,5 millions tons of grains are
annually produced and the most important ones are: rice, corn, beans and soybeans. The
manioc and the sugar cane, for alcohol production, are also important products besides the
irrigated rice and soybean.
The cattle raising activity also shows important numbers: 6,5
millions of steers plus 1 million of oxes ready to be butchered.
Minerals such as gold, gypsum, diamond, rock crystal,
amianthus and limestone occur widely in the region.
Among the foregoing activities, cattle raising and
agriculture are the most important ones since the region has a humid, plane and rich soil,
specially under the lands alongside the Araguaia river. The landscape is composed of
beautiful valleys and low grassy lands bordering the Araguaia river which are responsible
for the formation of Bananal Island, the biggest fluvial island in the world.
The limits of Tocantins are: northern - the Brazilian State
of Maranhão; eastern - the Brazilian State of Maranhão, Piaui, Bahia; southern - the
Brazilian State of Goiás; western - the Brazilian State of Mato Grosso and Pará.
The State of Tocantins is the 9th Brazilian state as far as
its territory is concerned. Thanks to its navigable rivers the Brasília/Belém road and
the construction of the North/South railway, today Tocantins bridges important regions of
the country: the North, the Center and the South .