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Capital: Palmas
State Population: 970.155
Area: 278.420,7 km2
Economy: commerce, agriculture, cattle


In the early 19th century, the special magistrate Mr. Joaquim Teotônio Segurado risen up against the oligarchies, which exercised an autocratic control of the Brazilian colonial society.

Today, almost 200 years have elapsed after the establishment, by Segurado, in 1821, of the Autonomous Government of Palmas' District (the government was installed at São João da Palma's District which became Palma's District and nowadays is Paraná). His attitude is considered the first chapter of Tocantins history.

During 180 years, generations after generations dreamed about an autonomous government.

Finally with sweat and tears men and women of all ages belonging to different races and religions, achieved their dream by writing, after a lot of fight, the most important page of Tocantins' history: the creation of the Brazilian State of Tocantins by the promulgation of the 8th Brazilian Constitution.

At the beginning their voices could not be heard, since they were a simple whisper. But little by little the intensity of these hoarse voices has grown and finally all of them together exploded in a clamor, which first, emotionalized people from Tocantins regions before being heard by the whole country.

The towering figure of this important movement toward the creation of Tocantins was Mr. José Wilson Siqueira Campos, who spent 25 years of his political life at the forefront of this honorable fight, before seeing the constitutional creation of the Brazilian State of Tocantins.

Tocantins is a state located at the northern region of Brazil, that belongs to the legal Amazon region. Its surface is 286.944 km2 and the population is approximately 1 million inhabitants.

The policy of the new state is to be engaged with the free initiative, since there foreign and local investors are welcomed to built, together with Tocantins' people, a modern and developed state.

The economy of the state is mainly centralized on the primary economic activities which correspond to the highest percentage of the gross state product and employ the greatest number of workers.

On the agricultural field, 2,5 millions tons of grains are annually produced and the most important ones are: rice, corn, beans and soybeans. The manioc and the sugar cane, for alcohol production, are also important products besides the irrigated rice and soybean.

The cattle raising activity also shows important numbers: 6,5 millions of steers plus 1 million of oxes ready to be butchered.

Minerals such as gold, gypsum, diamond, rock crystal, amianthus and limestone occur widely in the region.

Among the foregoing activities, cattle raising and agriculture are the most important ones since the region has a humid, plane and rich soil, specially under the lands alongside the Araguaia river. The landscape is composed of beautiful valleys and low grassy lands bordering the Araguaia river which are responsible for the formation of Bananal Island, the biggest fluvial island in the world.

The limits of Tocantins are: northern - the Brazilian State of Maranhão; eastern - the Brazilian State of Maranhão, Piaui, Bahia; southern - the Brazilian State of Goiás; western - the Brazilian State of Mato Grosso and Pará.

The State of Tocantins is the 9th Brazilian state as far as its territory is concerned. Thanks to its navigable rivers the Brasília/Belém road and the construction of the North/South railway, today Tocantins bridges important regions of the country: the North, the Center and the South .

Links to Tocantins and its cities...



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Last updated: 03/29/10.