Rio de Janeiro

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Brazil - Rio de Janeiro State (Chapter)


Rio de Janeiro

The state capital, the city of Rio de Janeiro, contains some of the country’s most well-known postcard views, including Copacabana Beach, Sugarloaf, Corcovado, and the Maracanã soccer stadium. Some federal government agencies still have their headquarters in the state, a legacy of the period when Rio was the nation’s capital. This is true of the State petroleum company, Petrobrás, and sports federations such as the Brazilian Soccer Federation (CBF). The economy is based on industry (metallurgy, steel-making, chemicals, mineral extraction, food products, mechanical goods, publishing and printing, and paper and cellulose), and tourism. The state is located in the eastern part of the Southeastern Region and occupies an area of 43,909.7 sq. kms.


Rio de Janeiro was formed from parts of the captaincies of São Tomé and São Vicente. Between 1555 and 1567 the territory was taken over by the French. The city of Rio de Janeiro was founded in 1565.

In the 17th century cattle and sugar cane generated progress, which was definitely assured when the port began to export the riches of Minas Gerais in the 18th century. The city became the capital of the viceroyalty in 1763. The region benefited greatly from the transfer of the Portuguese royal family to Brazil in 1808. In 1834 the city of Rio de Janeiro was transformed into a municipality, remaining the Imperial capital, while the captaincy was made into a province, with its seat in Niterói. In 1889 the city became the capital of the Republic, and the province became a state. When the capital was moved to Brasília in 1960, the municipality of Rio de Janeiro was turned into the state of Guanabara.

In 1975 the states of Guanabara and Rio de Janeiro were merged to form the state of Rio de Janeiro, with the city of Rio de Janeiro as its capital.

Southeastern Region
Rio de Janeiro
14,392,106 (IBGE, 2000 Population Census)
GDP 2001:
US$ 46.9 billion (R$ 148 billion)
Per capita GDP:
US$ 3,220.28 (R$ 10,160.00)
Number of municipalities:
Representation in the National Legislature:
three senators and 46 federal deputies
Illiteracy rate:
6.0% (2000 Census)
Unemployment rate:
11.6% (IBGE 2002)
Largest cities:
Rio de Janeiro (5,857,904), Nova Iguaçu (920,599), São Gonçalo (891,119), Duque de Caxias (775,456), Niterói (459,451)
Coastal mangrove swamps, Atlantic Rain Forest, and tropical forest
Average annual temperature:

The Constitution of the new State of Rio de Janeiro, promulgated on July 23rd, 1975, establishes in its Article 223, that ''the Flag, the hymn, the armor and other symbols of the State of Rio de Janeiro be the same as of the former State of Rio de Janeiro".

The latest description and interpretation of the Flag of the State of Rio de Janeiro is the Law No. 5.588 of October 5th, 1965. The Flag is a rectangle divided in four equal parts, by horizontal and vertical axis. The color of the Flag is celestial blue and white, alternated. The superior rectangle near the flagpole is white, the inferior blue. The other side shows the superior rectangle in blue and the inferior in white. In the center is the armor of the State, the form of which is a cut oval with elements referring to Geography, Economy and History of the State.

Pictures of the city of Rio de Janeiro...


  • rjarcos.jpg (28660 bytes)
    Arcos (28K)
    Copacab.jpg (45308 bytes)
    Copacabana beach (45K)
    rio4.jpg (55934 bytes)
    Cristo Redentor (55K)
    favela2.jpg (27330 bytes)
    Favelas (27K)
    hotel2.jpg (16138 bytes)
    some hotel (16K)
    lagoa.jpg (13375 bytes)
    Enseada do Botafogo(13K)
    sugloaf.jpg (23317 bytes)
    Pão de Acucar (23K)
    rio.jpg (104496 bytes)
    Rio de Janeiro (104K)
    rio30.jpg (26611 bytes)
    Praia de Fora (26K)



Links to Rio de Janeiro and its cities...


Rio de Janeiro

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Last updated: 03/29/10.